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2020年福建成考高起点英语真题及答案

来源:福建成考网     2021-11-01 11:28:47历年真题 >

  【导读】福建成考网小编为大家带来2020年福建成考高起点英语真题及答案

  绝密★启用前

  2020年成人高等学校招生全国统一考试高起点

  (本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第2卷(非选择题)两部分。满分150分、考试时间120分钟。)

  38.【答案】A

  【应试指导】事实细节题 根据第二段最后一句可知,有效的沟通有助于制定一个明确的行动计划。故本题 选A,

  39」答案】D

  【应试指导】事实细节题根据最后一段可知,没有激情的团队将一事无成团队中的每个成员都必须有工 作热情,如果有一个人懈怠,就会影响整个团队,故本题iiD

  40“答案】A

  【应试指导】事实细节题根据第一段可知,一般来讲,11岁的孩子会结束他们在中学的第一年,然而Tom在 8岁的时候就直接进入了大学.故本题选A、

  41」答案】C

  (应试指导】词义猜测题根据第二段可知,6岁的Tom被一家私立学校拒绝入校学习,因为他太聘明了,学 校可能使他感到无电。turn down在这里意为“拒绝“,和refuse意思最相近。故本题选C。

  42「答案】D

  【应试指导】事实细节题 选D。

  43」答案】C

  【应试指导】事实细节题

  44」答案】D

  【应试指导】事实细节题

  根据第三段第一、二句可知,在进入大学之前,Tom在家中学习了两年故本题

  根据第二段可知,在生病的时候锻炼,会伤害免疫系统,加长病程.故本题选C。

  根据第三段可知,当你决定从恢复中回到运动场时,要确保慢慢地、小心地开始锻

  炼故本题选D

  【答案】C

  【应试指导】事实细节题根据第四段可知,如果你哪一天累了,不想锻炼,那么就休息一天,回家吃一顿健康 的饭菜,不要为没有在运动场感到愧疚难过,A项参加健身课程与文义相反;B项中的Hch与文中的healthy

  不符;D项的在家睡一天,文中没有提及、故本题选C.

  46」答案】B

  [应试指导】主旨大意题 本文首段就点明了文章主题 there are limes when they should not be exercising at

  all,之后文章列出了三个不宜锻炼的情形,故本题选B

  47「答案】A

  【应试指导】事实细节题根据第三段可知,Winter Vinecki在七大洲各完成了一场马拉松,成为世界上达成这 项成就年纪最小的人,这就是她的非凡之处,故本题选A

  48」答案】A

  1应试指导】事实细节题 根据第六段可知,Winter Vinecki通过马拉松比赛,将•前列腺癌的教育带到世界各 地,因此她参加马拉松是为了向人们宣传有关前列腺癌的知识.故本题选A ,

  49“答案】C

  【应试指导】事实细节题。根据第八段可知,Jack说没有互联网,他就不能找到工程需要的材料,所以他用网 络来搜查需要的资料故本题选C

  50」答案】C

  【应试指导】事实细节题文章首段提到,大多数青少年都把时间花在学校、家庭和交友上面,还有一些青少 年则有更大的目标、接着文章举例说明了两个青少年的非凡成就他们之所以能与众不同是因为他们有更 大的目标.故本题选风

  五、安全对话

  51. What can I do for you

  52. What date would you like to fly

  53. Just one ticket

  54. How much is it

  55. Thank you 六、书面表达

  Dear Peter,

  I#39;m writing to you to ask for a favor. Could you please help me to buy a book. Gift from the Sea, written by Anne Lindbergh? The book is very important for me. I need it to refer to when I write my term paper. I have looked for the book for many days, but I can not find it in local area. Please mail it to School of English, Beijing City University if you get it. The postcode is 100000. Besides, please tell me how I can transfer the money to you. 1 will be appreciated if you can help

  Looking forward to your reply.

  Li Hua

  得 分 评卷入 四、阅读理解:共15小题;每题3分,共45分。阅读下列短文,然后根据

  短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

  Effective teamwork is key to the success of a business. Teamwork helps tasks get completed quickly and efficiently (高效地).However, poor teamwork can hinder a business#39; success and make operations much more difficult. Four parts of teamwork can make it effective and lead to business success.

  Effective Communication (沟通)

  Without effective communication, a team will be weak. When a team has open and honest communication, a lot more will be achieved. Communication makes sure that everyone listens to one another#39;s ideas and will help them express their thoughts and feelings. Good communication also helps put together a clear plan of action.

  Different Skills

  The way the team is made up of plays a major role in how well the group works as a team. It is necessary that people with different skills be paired together so that they can make use of one another#39; s knowledge and skills. For example, in a team, there should be a few people who are good at planning, one or two key leaders and several experts in various subjects.

  Strong Leadership

  Leadership is important in a team. A leader is needed to settle disagreements, set goals and keep the team on track. A good leader can lead without being bossy, achieve goals by encouraging the team and stepping in when necessary, and make suggestions for improvements.

  Passion (激情)

  A team without passion will get nowhere. If any member of the team does not have the passion to get the job done and do it well, he or she will become less and less interested in the duties and bring the rest of the team down.

  36. Efficient teamwork can help a business to .

  A. complete tasks quickly B. make operations difOcult

  C. improve communication gradually D. achieve leadership faster

  37. The word “hinder“ in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to.

  A. lead to B. help with C. change with D. hold back

  38. Which of the following would help make a clear plan of action?

  A. Effective communication. B. A good leader without being bossy.

  C. A team with passion. D. People with different skills paired together.

  39. What is a must for every member of the team?

  A. Leadership. B. Different skills. C. Various knowledge. D. Passion.

  B

  Most 11 -year-olds are just happy to have finished their first year of middle school. However, Tom is not like most kids. He did not go to elementary (小学),middle or high school but went straight to college at the young age of eight.

  While Tom#39; s parents knew he was smart, they had never imagined putting him in college this young. However, when they tried to send him to a private (私立的)school at the age of six, he was turned down, because he was so smart that the school was afraid he would feel dull.

  It turns out the school was right. After homeschooling the young boy for two years, the parents realized that he was ready for some real high-level courses. They came to East Lx)s Angeles College, who agreed to take him in. However, until he proved himself, he could take only two courses-math and music.

  Tom did not disappoint. He got A#39;s in bo出 and hasn#39;t looked back since. Last week, he graduated as a top student. In fact, the young boy was so smart that he helped his fellow math students, some of whom were 10 years older than him.

  得分评卷入

  六、书面表达:满分30分。

  假设你是李华,写一封电子邮件给你的美国朋友Peter,请他帮你买一本英文书,邮件的具体 内容包括:

  1 .书名和作者:Anne Lindbergh 所著 Gift from the Sea;

  2 .买书目的和原因:写学期论文用作参考,在当地买不到;

  3 .邮寄地址:北京城市大学英语学院,邮编:100000;

  4 .询回付款方式;

  5 .表示感谢。

  注意:1.词数应为100左右;

  6 .邮件内容须写在答题卡的指定位置上。

  Dear Peter,

  Yours, Li Hua

  参考答案及解析

  一、语音知识

  l.C 2.B 3.B 4.B 5. A

  二、词汇与语法知识

  6」答案】D

  【应试指导】本题考查代词辨析.句意:桌子上的书是我的,你的书在那儿c空格处需要一个名词性物主代词 表示“你的书”,应用yours。故本题选De

  7」答案】B

  【应试指导)本题考查情景对话,句意:一你要再来一点米饭吗?一不了,谢谢 我吃饱了。A项和C项 用来回答感谢,D项不符合语意:故本题选B、

  8」答案】D

  【应试指导】本题考查电词的用法,句意:我的叔叔生活在一个为老年人建的敬老院里 第一个空格处泛指一 个敬老院,应用不定兄1词a。第二个空格处表示“老年人”这一类人,应用“the +形容词”的结构,故本题选D-

  9.【答案】B

  【应试指导】本题考查固定句式.句意:能请你解释一下今天你为什么这么晚吗? could you please…表示委婉 请求某人做某事,后面的动词应用动词原形,故本题选民

  10」答案】A

  【应试指导)本题考查定语从句 句意:《哈利•波特》是我读过的最有趣的书 先行词是book,从句中缺少实 语,引导词可用that或which.但先行词被形容词最高级修饰,引导词只能用that故本题选A

  U.【答案】B

  【应试指导】本题考查时态 句意:Bill不在办公室 他一个小时前去图书馆了 本句强调的是Bill去图书馆 对现在的影响,即他现在不在办公室,因此要用现在完成时他还没有从图书馆回来,所以用has gone故本 题选儿

  12.【答案】C

  【应试指导】本题考查动词的用法。句意:改变你的饮食习惯是最好的减肥方法 动词作主语放在句首,应用 动名词形式,并且与逻辑主语之间是主动关系,所以用changing。故本题选C。

  13「答案】A

  【应试指导】本题考查动词的用法。句意:那些信昨天就放在你的桌子上了,但你根本没有读它们 本句中有 but连接前后两个句子,因此前面半句是一个完卷的句子,缺少谓语动词,且动作发生在昨天,动词要用过去 式。letters和put之间良被动至系,要用被动语态,所以要用were put,故永题选A,

  14“答案】B

  【应试指导】本题考查固定句式句意:直直往前走,你会看见那家店在你的右手边,祈使句+and +主语+ will do表示“做某事,然后会……”故本题选B

  15「答案】C

  [应试指导】本题考查介词辨析,句意:经过热我的讨论,他们最终在新车的价格上达成一致the price for sth.意为“某物的价格”,介词用for,故本题选C。

  16「答案】B

  【应试指导】本题考查比较句式.句意:我的弟弟比他们队里的任何其他成员都要更努力,所以他拿了一等 奖.句中有比较级的标志than,因此这里应用比较级。故本题选B.

  17」答案】A

  【应试指导)本题考查连词的用法-句意:你可以邀请Tom参加聚会,但别邀请他的朋友。根据句意,前后两 句话有明显的转折,因此要用but。故本题选A.

  18.【答案】A

  i应试指导】本题考查条件状语从句,句意:如果明天不下雨,我们会出去野餐if表示“如果“,条件状语从 句用if引导,遵循“主料从现”的原则 故本题选A,

  19」答案】C

  【应试指导】本题考查代词的用法 句意:有人在敲门,但是会是谁呢?在不确定对方是谁的语境中,要用it 代指故本题选C,

  20」答案】D

  【应试指导)本题考查时态.句意:宝宝通常会在夜里醒来三次- usually表示“经常,通常”,是一般现在时的 标志,因此谓语动词用一般现在时。故本题选D。

  三、完形填空

  21」答案】B

  1应试指导】固定搭配题 它以美国第一任总统George Washington的名字命名。benamedfor为固定短语,意 为“以……命名”,故本题选B,

  22「答案】C

  1应试指导】词义辨析题 他在1775年到1783年对抗英国的独立战争中领导美国的殖民地,pushed推; followed跟随;led领导;separated分开。根据句意,本题选Co

  23 .【答案】D

  【应试指导】词义辨析题作为总统,他帮助新建的美国度过了它最开始艰难的年岁。passed通过;showed展 示;advised建议;helped帮助一根据句意,本题选D。

  24」答案】1)

  j应试指导】词义辨析题,century世纪;battles战争;thing事情;years年,根据句意,本题选瓦

  25“答案】A

  j应试指导】词义辨析题。这座纪念碑是世界上最著名的地方之一,places地方;gardens花园;ways路; stations车站,根据句意,本题选A。

  26 .【答案】A

  j应试指导】词义辨析题,在很远的地方就能够看见它: seen看见;realized意识到;shared分享;developed发 展根据句意,本题选A

  27 .【答案】A

  1应试指导】固定搭配题,他只上了七八年学。attend school意为“上学”,故本题选A。

  28 .【答案】D

  1应试指导】词义辨析题。在20岁时,他成了殖民军队的军官。caught抓住;knew知道;met遇见;became变 成根据句意,本题选D

  29 .【答案】B

  【应试指导】词义辩析题上一句提到华盛顿成了殖民军队的军官,本句讲他对英国统治美国殖民地的方式 感动愤怒,前后有明显的对比转折,因此应用表示转折的词。however然而,符合句意,故本题选B。therefore因 此;otherwise 否则;besides 除 以外。

  30」答案】A

  【应试指导】词义辨析题本句讲他对英国统治美国殖民地的方式感到愤怒,ruled统治;destroyed毁灭; defeated iSt;attacked 攻击。故本题选 Ao

  31「答案】A

  i应试指导】词义辨析题 反抗英国的战争在1775年爆发了,表示战争爆发应用break,过去式为broke。故 本题选A。

  32「答案】C

  【应试指导)词义辨析题他的士兵们许多都没有经过训练,并且装备很差poorly equipped装备很差,符合 句意,故本题选C。

  33「答案】B

  【应试指导】词义辨析题在革命战争中的一个冬天,他的士兵几乎冻死-mally真的;almost差不多,几乎; hardly几乎不;st山仍然,根据句意,本题选B,

  34「答案】C

  j应试指导】词义辨析题-但是华盛顿将军带领他们夺得了胜利,failure失败;trouble困难,麻烦;victory胜 利;pleasure快乐,.战未题选C。

  35.【答案)C

  j应试指导】词义辨析题1789年,他被选为第一任美国总统。be chosen as意为“被选为”,符合句意,故本题选C。 四、阅读理解

  36「答案】A

  i应试指导】事实细节题根据第一段可知,团队工作有助于快速高效地完成工作。故本题选a,


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