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2019年福建专升本英语预测试卷 (一)(1)

2020-08-27 16:53

2019年成人高考专升本英语预测试卷 (一)

第 Ⅰ 卷 ( 选择题,共 125 分)

Ⅰ. Phonetics (5 points )

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letter

combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is

different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding

letter on the Answer Sheet.

1.A. meat B. ready C. pleasure D. wealth

2.A. enough B. trouser C. count D. ground

3.A. dictionary B. station C. question D. congratulation

4.A. relative B. delay C. connect D. chest

5.A. portrait B. worn C. forbid D. storm

Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are

four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and

blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6. You have the right to live ______ you want.

A. there B. in which C. where D. here

7. They rose one after ______ and walked out.

A. the other B. each other C. others D. another

8. Oh, ______ you have drawn!

A. what beautiful a picture B. how beautiful a picture

C. what a beautiful picture D. how a beautiful picture

9. It was in 1961 ______ John F. Kennedy became president of the United States.

A. when B. and C. that D. the

10. ______ to hurt her feelings, he did not tell her the truth.

A. Not to want B. Not wanting C. To want not D. Wanting not

11. The committee ______ a conclusion only after days of discussion.

3

A. achieved B. reached C. arrived D. completed

12. She asked that the letter be ______ in order that the contents should remain a secret.

A. eliminated B. ruined C. destroyed D. spoiled

13. A dog was ______ by a bus and killed.

A. run over B. taken over C. felled down D. tripped up

14. He was standing by an electric heater, and his nightdress ______ fire.

A. took B. caught C. started D. set

15. In spite of the thunderstorm, the children slept ______ all night.

A. noisily B. sensitively C. soundly D. quickly

16. The visit of the President will increase the ______ between the two countries.

A. peace B. knowledge C. understanding D. assistance

17. Mr. Smith promised me a good position and ______.

A. to pay me a fair salary B. a fair salary

C. paying me a fair salary D. pay me a fair salary

18. Peter said that he wouldn’t mind ______ the windows.

A. my opening B. I open C. me to open D. for me to open

19. In the newspaper, we can learn ______ is going on in the world.

A. that B. which C. who D. what

20. It is curious how children always behave much worse when they are ______ holiday.

A. on B. in C. at D. for

Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and

marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening

the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Mr. Adamson enjoys playing the violin in his spare time. He is often carried away by his

own 21 . But it is a 22 time for his neighbors when Mr. Adamson plays as he 23 so badly.

One day Mr. Adamson sat by a window and began to play the violin as usual. Mr. Adamson

seemed to be making 25 instead of music, but he was so 26 that he almost forgot what he was

doing. Just then, some stones were thrown out of the window under 27 Mr. Adamson was sitting,

but he did not pay any attention to it. The "music" continued .After a little while, an empty bottle

and a worn-out shoe were thrown out of the window, 29. Only then did Mr. Adamson know that

this was not the 30 for him to play in. Mr. Adamson was very sad. He thought, " 32 no living

people can understand my music, I should go to a place where people may appreciate my works."

So he decided to go to a graveyard(墓地).

He came to a graveyard where there is no other 33 except the church toll(钟声). Mr.

Adamson sat at a grave and thought 34 . "I must do my best to show that my music is

outstanding(出色的). "The more he thought, the more inspired he was, and 36 he began to play his

violin. Suddenly a bare foot stretched(伸) out from the 37 and gave Mr. Adamson a heavy kick

which sent him flying. His violin also dropped from his hand. Mr. Adamson felt very sad 39 his

work was not accepted by anyone, not even the 40 .

21. A. violin B. music C. noise D. sound

22. A. terrible B. useless C. wonderful D. long

23. A. sings B. shouted C. played D. does

24. A. sound B. something C. noise D. voice

25. A. angry B. excited C. comfortable D. disappointed

26. A. which B. it C. that D. where

27. A. together B. slowly C. too D. again

28. A. room B. music C. violin D. place

29. A. Perhaps B. Though C. If D. Even

30. A. person B. building C. thing D. sound

31. A. anything B. his music C. a lot D. hardly

32. A. first B. again C. finally D. later

33. A. graveyard B. window C. tree D. church

34. A. when B. and C. because D. so

35. A. graveyard B. children C. people D. dead

Ⅳ . Reading Comprehension (60 points)

Directions: There are five reading passages in this part Each passage is followed by four

questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one

best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage one

Coin collection is one of the oldest known hobbies. In the past it was often enjoyed by kings

and scholars. It is also a pleasant way of saving.

The designs on coins tell many stories. The coins of a country often are a record of its history

and geography. Some ancient coins tell us all we know about a country or a period of history.

They bring us portraits of rulers who would be otherwise (否则) unknown. Coins tell us about the

art, religion, dress and hairstyles of people who lived long ago.

Your special interests will help you decide the kind of coin collection you would like to have.

You may wish to collect the coins of one country or one part of the world. Or you may want your

collection to contain coins from all over the world in certain period of time.

Some people choose to collect the coins of their own country, while others are interested in

ancient Greek and Roman coins that visitors bring back from foreign countries can be the

beginning of a collection.

Another way to start a collection is to select the best examples of coins now in use. You may

be able to collect an interesting series of United States coins with different dates.

To get the most enjoyment from your hobby of coin collecting, read as much as you can on

the subject. Try to form a group of collector friends. If you have an old or foreign coin, find out

where and when it was made, its name and value, and what you could have bought with it when it

was in use.

There are many ways to arrange coin collections. Some collectors keep their coins in small

square (正方形) envelopes. A complete description (描述) of the coins should be written on the

outside of the envelopes. These envelopes are arranged in cardboard boxes.

Never clean a coin unless it is caked with dirt. Remove the dirt with soap and warm water.

Do not use anything hard. This will damage both the looks and value of the coin.

36. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the selection as a benefit of the ways

mentioned in the selection is ______.

A. you can increase your knowledge of history.

B. you can learn about the geography of some countries.

C. you can have some ideas of how people lived in the old days.

D. you can buy things with the coins you have.

37. You can get the most enjoyment from your collection of coins ______.

A. if you try to learn as much as possible from the coins you have in your collection

B. if you get a lot of money selling them

C. if you clean them every now and then

D. if you can arrange them in different ways

38. There are several ways to arrange your coins. The way recommended in the selection is

______.

A. to put them in bags

B. to keep them in small envelopes

C. to keep them in glass cases

D. to keep them in a jar

39. In order to keep the coins clean, you should ______.

A. clean them whenever you have time

B. clean them every month

C. clean them with hot water

D. clean them with warm water

Passage two

It's impolite to arrive at a dinner party more than 15 to 20 minutes late. The host or hostess

usually waits for all of the guests before serving the food. If someone is late, the food may be

spoiled, and so might the host or hostess' mood. If you find you will have to be late, call and tell

them to start without you.

It's even worse to be early! The host or hostess will probably not be ready. If you are early,

drive or walk around the block (街区) a few times, or just sit in your car until the right time.

It's often important to arrive at a party on time. Some get-togethers, especially formal dinner

parties depend on exact arrival times. On the other hand, for open houses, the host or hostess

invites guests to arrive and leave between specific times, so you can arrive at any time within the

times he or she gives you.

It's nice to bring an empty stomach, but it's even nicer to bring a small gift. The gift should

not cost a lot, or you might embarrass (使人难堪) the host or hostess. Flowers, wine, some pretty

soap for the guest bathroom, a box of candy, a bottle of inexpensive but good wine and similar

gifts will do fine. Never bring money as a gift.

North Americans might kiss a close friend on the cheek in greeting. (But never on the lips --

unless they are very, very close!) It is not customary (习惯) for Americans to greet each other with

a kiss unless they had not met for a long time.

40. If you find you'll have to be late for a dinner party, you should ______.

A. send someone to tell the host or the hostess not to wait for you

B. send someone to tell the host or the hostess to wait for you

C. call and tell the host or the hostess not to wait for you

D. call and tell the host or the hostess to wait for you

41. It can be inferred from the selection that an open house (para. 3, line 3) is ______.

A. a house which is open day and night

B. a party which is held in the open

C. a party which is open to anybody

D. a party for family members and friends. Guests can come and go between specific times.

42. It is nice to bring a ______ gift.

A. cheap B. expensive C. small D. costly

43. It is ______ to kiss your friend in greeting.

A. very impolite B. common C. not common D. wrong

Passage three

Hank Viscardi was 26 years old when he put on his first pair of long trousers and his first pair

of shoes. For the first time he saw himself as he had always wanted to be -- a full five feet eight

inches tall.

Hank had been born without legs. Until he was seven, his world was a world of repeated

operations. At last he had -- not legs, but stumps (残肢) that could be fitted with a kind of special

boots.

Out of the hospital, Hank often found people staring at him with cruel interest. Children

laughed at him and called him "Ape Man" because his arms dragged (拖) on the ground.

He went to school like other boys. His grades were good and he needed only eight years

instead of the usual twelve.

After graduation, Hank worked his way through college. He swept floors, waited on table, or

worked in one of the college offices. During all this busy life, Hank had been moving around on

his stumps. But one day the doctor told him even the stumps were not going to last much longer.

Hank would soon have to use a wheel chair.

Hank felt himself go cold all over. However, the doctor said there was a chance that he could

be fitted with artificial (人造的) legs.

Finally a leg maker was found and the day came when Hank stood up before the mirror and

saw himself for the first time, five feet eight inches tall.

But this was not the end yet. He had to learn to use his new legs. Again and again he marched

the length of the room, and marched back again. There were times when he fell down on the floor,

but he pulled himself up and went back to the endless marching. He went out on the street. He

climbed the stairs and learned to dance. He built a boat and learned to sail it.

When World War II came, he talked the Red Cross (红十字会) into giving him a job. He

took the regular training. He marched and drilled along with the other soldiers. Few knew that he

was legless. This was the true story of Hank Viscardi, the man without legs.

44. Children laughed at Hank and called him "Ape Man" because ______.

A. he didn't talk to them

B. he kept away from them

C. when he moved his arms touched the ground

D. his arms were too long

45. The writer implies in the story that ______.

A. the Red Cross was only too glad to give him a job

B. the Red Cross gave him a job because he was a good soldier

C. the Red Cross gave him a job after he talked to somebody he know in the organization

D. the Red Cross was not willing to give him a job at first

46. When Hank marched and drilled along with the other soldiers ______.

A. he did everything the other soldiers did

B. he did most of the things the other soldiers did

C. he did some of the things the other soldiers did

D. he took some special training

47. The writer suggests that Hank Viscardi ______.

A. had no friends

B. never saw himself as different from others

C. was very shy

D. was too proud to accept help from others

Passage four

In the United States many have been told that anyone can become rich and successful if he

works hard and has some good luck.

Yet, when one becomes rich, he wants people to know it. And even if he does not become

very rich, he wants people to think that he is. That is what "keeping up with the Joneses" is about.

It is the story of someone who tries to look as rich and as successful as his neighbors.

The expression was first used in 1913 by a young American by the name of Arthur Momand.

He told this story about himself: he began earning $ 125 a week at the age of 23. That was a lot of

money in those days. Young Momand was very proud of his riches. He got married and moved

with his wife to a very wealthy neighborhood outside New Your City. But just moving there was

not enough. When he saw that rich people rode horses, Momand went horse riding every day.

When he saw that rich people had servants, Momand and his wife also hired (雇) a servant and

gave big parties for their new neighbors.

It was like a race, but one could never finish this race because one was always trying to keep

up. Momand and his wife could not do that.

The race ended for them when they could no longer pay for their new way of life. They left

their wealthy neighborhood and moved back to an apartment in New York City.

Momand looked around him and noticed that many people do things just to keep up with

their neighbors. He saw the funny side of it and started to write a series (系列) of short stories. He

called it "keeping up with the Joneses", because "Jones" is a very common name in the United

States. "Keeping up with the Joneses" came to mean keeping up with the people around you.

Momand's series appeared in different newspapers across the country for over 28 years.

Every city has an area where people want to live because others will think better of them if

they do. And there are "Joneses" in every city of the world. But one must get tired of trying to

keep up with the Joneses, because no matter what one does, Mr. Jones always seems to be ahead

(在前面).

48. The writer of the selection believes ______.

A. anyone in the United States can become rich

B. anyone in the United States can become rich if he works hard and has some good luck

C. he can become rich in the future

D. many people in the United States think anyone can become rich if he works hard and has

some good luck

49. It can be inferred from the story that rich people ______.

A. like to live outside New York City

B. like to live in New York City

C. like to live in apartments

D. like to have many neighbors

50. Arthur Momand used the name "Jones" in his series of short stories because Jones is

______.

A. an important name

B. a popular name in the United States

C. his neighbor's name

D. not a good name

51. According to the writer, it is ______.

A. correct to keep up with the Joneses

B. interesting to keep up with the Joneses

C. impossible to keep up with the Joneses

D. good to keep up with the Joneses

Passage five

A dream is made up of a series of mind-pictures that form during sleep. The people and

actions in these pictures seem real to the person who is dreaming.

Dreams may be influenced by different things that are present during sleep. If a person is

cold, he may dream that he is out in a snowstorm. Worries or anger may also influence the content

of a dream.

Some people think that they seldom dream, and other people are quite sure that they do not

dream at all. Studies of human sleep have shown, though, that everyone dreams every night. If a

person thinks he does not dream, it is because he does not remember dreaming when he wakes up.

Usually, a person may dream three to seven times for a total of one to two hours of dreaming

every night.

Perhaps you are wondering just how research workers can be sure that a person is dreaming.

The story behind the discovery is an interesting one.

During their research studies of human sleep, Dr. Kleitman and his assistants noticed that a

person sleeping made sudden eye movements. These eye movements occurred at least several

times a night. When a sleeper was awakened during these periods of eye movement, it was learned

that he had been dreaming. Inmost cases, the dreamer could then recall (回忆) his dream. The

person's eye movements, scientists believe, were caused by the movements of his eyes as he

followed the events of the dream.

Not only does everyone dream, but it seems that we all need to dream. One theory is that

dreaming gives us a chance to escape (逃避) from the rules of our real world. In dreams we can

see our wishes come true. We can be rich, powerful, successful.

Another theory is that in our dream we are trying to work out our problems that have troubled

us during waking moments.

Whatever the explanation, we all do dream, and dreaming is necessary and important to us.

52. According to the selection, the research studies of human sleep show ______.

A. few people dream at night

B. some people dream three times every night while other people dream seven times every night

C. some people may dream all the time during sleep

D. everyone dreams several times every night.

53. According to the research studies, you may dream of a fire-engine (火车) ______.

A. when your alarm clock is ringing

B. when you feel hungry

C. when you are cold

D. when you are ill

54. According to the selection, you can discover what your husband (wife, brother or sister)

is dreaming by ______.

A. watching him (her) closely

B. waking him (her) up when he (she) makes sudden eye movements and asking him (her)

what he (she) is dreaming of

C. watching his (her) eye movements

D. talking to him while he (she) is sleeping

55. Dreaming is important to us ______.

A. because we can relax and enjoy a care-free life in our dreams

B. because scientists help us in our dreams

C. because we can have a good rest

D. because we can make discoveries in our dreams

Ⅴ. Daily Conversation(15 points)

Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the

following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

A. We'll show you our photos when we are back.

B. We are going with our teachers.

C. We are going to Paris.

D. When are you leaving?

E. How long are you going to stay there?

F. Have you been there before?

G. I want to go to London.

H. See you later.

A: Hi, Xiao Wang. Where are you going on vacation?

B: 56 __________.

A: Paris? That sounds great! 57 __________.

B: We are leaving next Tuesday.

A: Who are you going with?

B: 58 __________.

A: 59 __________.

B: For about two weeks. 60__________.

A : Great ! Wish you a pleasant journey!

B: Thanks a lot.

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