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《词汇与语法》福建成考学位英语题及答案精析(四)【2019年】

2020-08-30 17:05

2019年学位英语《词汇与语法》试题及答案精析(4)

Dale: ______ Would you please tell me the time?

Laura: It's ten past nine.

A. I am sorry.

B. I beg your pardon.

C. Excuse me.

D. Hello, how do you do?

[答案]C

【精析】选项C(对不起,打扰了)是在请求别人帮忙或打扰别人时使用。选项A用于不小心伤害到别人时;选项B用于请求别人原谅或没听清楚对方所说的话时;选项D用于初次见面或不熟悉的人之间见面时。

Eve: ______

Ivy: I am fine, thank you. And you?

A. How do you do?

B. How are you?

C. Are you well again?

D. What about your health?

[答案]B

【精析】选项A用于初次见面或不熟悉的人之间见面时的问候,而选项C和D在英语中不符合表达习惯,只有选项B用于平时的问候。

Thomas: ______

Ronald: I'm going to do a bit of research work. What about you?

A. What is your plan for this weekend?

B. How are you getting on with your research work?

C. Will you make a plan for this weekend?

D. Will you have a good time this weekend?

[答案]A

【精析】排除选项C、D(一般疑问句);选项A是常见的询问别人计划的表达(你周末准备干什么?),与答句相符。选项B(你的论文怎么样了?)不符合题意。

Maria: Do you think you will get a pay rise next year?

Leo: ______

A. I hope so.

B. I'm afraid so.

C. I believe not so.

D. I hope not so.

[答案]A

【精析】"Do you think you will get a pay rise next year?"的意思是:“你认为明年你会加工资吗?”选项A意为“我希望这样”,符合题意。选项B“恐怕是这样的”,选项C“我深信不会这样”,选项D“我希望不是这样”都不符合表达习惯及语境。

Mario: Your beloved teacher has arrived here, Nina.

Nina: I______ she ______ until tomorrow.

A. think; isn't coming

B. thought; wasn't coming

C. didn't think; was coming

D. didn't think; is coming

[答案]B

【精析】"Your beloved teacher has arrived here, Nina."的意思是:“你喜欢的老师已经到这里了,尼娜。”选项B意为“我原以为她明天才到”,此时必须用过去式"thought",而不是"think"。

Nora: How long has this bookshop been in business?

Michel: ______1982.

A. After

B. In

C. From

D. Since

[答案]D

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