1. ---Would you like to have dinner with us this evening?
A. Ok, but I have to go to a meeting now.
B. No, I can’t
C. Sorry, this evening I have to go to the airport to meet my parents.
D. I don't know.
2. --- Please help yourself to some fish.
A. Thanks, but I don't like fish
B. Sorry, I can't help
C. Well, fish don't suit me
D. No, I don’t want to do that
3. ---It’s getting late. I’m afraid I must be going now.
A. Take it easy B. Go slowly
C. Stay longer D. See you
4. ---Could I ask you a rather personal question?
A. Yes, don’t worry. B. Of course, go ahead.
C. Yes, help yourself. D. Of course, why not?
5. ---Well done. Congratulations on your success.
A. Thank you very much B. Oh, no, no
C. No, I didn’t do well D. Sorry, I couldn’t do any better
Television has opened windows in everybody’s life. Young men will never again go to war as they did in 1914. Millions of people now have seen the effects of a battle. And the result has been a general dislike of war, and perhaps more interest in helping those who suffer from all the terrible things that have been shown on the screen.
Television has also changed politics. The most distant areas can now follow state affairs, see and hear the politicians before an election. Better informed, people are more likely to vote, and so to make their opinion count.
Unfortunately, television’s influence has been extremely harmful to the young. Children do not have enough experience to realize that TV shows present an unreal world; that TV advertisements lie to sell products that are sometimes bad or useless. They believe that the violence they see is normal and acceptable. All educators agree that the “television generations” are more violent than their parents and grandparents.
Also, the young are less patient. Used to TV shows, where everything is quick and interesting, they do not have the patience to read an article without pictures; to read a book that requires thinking; to listen to a teacher who doesn’t do funny things like the people on children’s programs. And they expect all problems to be solved happily in ten, fifteen, or thirty minutes. That’s the time it takes on the screen.
6. In the past, many young people __D____.
A. knew the effects of war
B. went in for politics
C. liked to save the wounded in wars
D. were willing to be soldiers
7. Now with TV people can __C___.
A. discuss politics at an information center
B. show more interest in politics
C. make their own decisions on political affairs
D. express their opinions freely
8. The author thinks that TV advertisements _A____.
A. are not reliable on the whole
B. are useless to people
C. are a good guide to adults
D. are very harmful to the young
9. Which is NOT true according to the passage? B
A. People have become used to crimes now.
B. With a TV set some problems can be solved quickly.
C. People now like to read books with picture.
D. The adults are less violent than the young.
10. From the passage, we can conclude that ___D__.
A. children should keep away from TV
B.TV programs should be improved
C. children’s books should have pictures
D. TV has a deep influence on the young
In the United States elementary education begins at the age of six. At this stage nearly all the teachers are women, mostly married. The atmosphere is usually very friendly, and the teachers have now accepted the idea that the important thing is to make the children happy and interested. The old authoritarian (要绝对服从的) methods of education were discredited (不被认可) rather a long time ago --- so much so that many people now think that they have gone too far in the direction of trying to make children happy and interested rather than giving them actual instruction.
The social education of young children tries to make them accept the idea that human beings in a society need to work together for their common good. So the emphasis is on co-operation rather than competition throughout most of this process. This may seem curious, in view of the fact that American society is highly competitive; however, the need for making people sociable in this sense has come to be regarded as one of the functions of education. Most Americans do grow up with competitive ideas, and obviously quite a few as criminals, but it is not fair to say that the educational system fails. It probably does succeed in making most people sociable and ready to help one another both in material ways and through kindness and friendliness.
11. According to the passage, the U.S. elementary education is supposed to make children __D___.
A. sensible and sensitive B. competitive and interested
C. curious and friendly D. happy and co-operative
12. Some Americans complain about elementary schools because they think __D___.
A. children are reluctant to help each other
B. schools lay too much emphasis on co-operation
C. children should grow up with competitive ideas
D. schools give little actual instruction to children
13. The author’s attitude towards American education can be best described as __A___.
A. favorable B. negative C. tolerant D. unfriendly
14. The American educational system emphasizes _C____.
A. material wealth B. competition C. co-operation D. personal benefit
15. The word “sociable” (Line 7, Paragraph2) most probably means _B____.
A. fond of talking freely
B. friendly with other people
C. concerned about social welfare
D. happy at school
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