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2020年福建成考专升本英语日常交际用语

来源:福建成考网     2021-12-15 10:24:56复习资料 >

  【导读】福建成考网小编为大家带来2020年福建成考专升本英语日常交际用语

  日常交际用语

  1.问候

  (1)A: Hello/Hi

  8: Hello/Hi

  (2) A: Hello.How are you?

  8: Fine, thank you. And you ?

  A:Very well, thank you.

  (3) A: Good morning/ afternoon/ evening

  B:Good morning/ afternoon/ evening

  (4) Please say hello to your parents.

  Please give my best wishes to your parents.

  2.告别

  (1)告别前,客方表示要离开的常用语:

  (2)双方相互道别时的常用短语:

  Goodbye!

  See you later!

  See you!

  3.感谢和应答

  (1)感谢某人:

  Thank you./Thanks a lot./ Thank you very much

  Thank you for your help.

  It’s very kind/nice of you.

  Thank you all the same.

  (2)回答感谢时的答语

  It’s a pleasure./ With my pleasure

  That’s OK./ That’s all right.

  You’re welcome.

  Not at all.

  4.邀请和应答

  (1)表示邀请的用语:

  Will you come to my party?

  Would you like to go for a walk?

  May I invite you to dinner?

  How /What about going for a walk?

  (2)接受邀请时的答语:

  Yes,I’d love/like to.

  Yes. It’s very kind of you.

  That would be nice.

  5.请求和应答

  A: May I...?/Can/Could I...?

  B:(肯定回答)Sure/Certainly. Yes, do please.

  (否定回答) I’m afraid not.I’m sorry, but you mustn’t.

  6 .祝愿、祝贺和应答

  (1)祝贺用语:

  Have a good day/time!

  Good luck.Enjoy yourself! Best wishes to you!

  Happy NEW Year! Merry Christmas! Well done!

  Congratulations!

  (2)表示感谢的答语

  Thank you.

  The same to you.

  7 .提供帮助和应答

  (1)提供帮助

  Can I help you?

  Would you like me to help you?

  (2)肯定回答:

  Yes, please.

  Thank you for your help.

  否定回答:

  No,thanks./ That’s very nice of you,but I can’t manage it myself.

  8 .约会

  (1)约会前询问对方有无空闲时间:

  Are you free this morning/afternoon/evening?

  Yes,I’ll be free then.

  或:No, I won#39; t be free then. But I will be free tomorrow.

  (2)提出约会时间、地点以征求对方意见的用语:

  How about tomorrow morning?

  Shall we meet at 3:00 at the school gate?

  Yes , that’s all right./ ALL right,see you then.

  9 .就餐

  (1)主人常用语

  What would you like to have ?

  Would you like something to drink ?

  Help yourself to some chicken.

  Would you like some more rice ?

  (2)客人常用语

  Yes, I’d like a drink. I’d like rice and chicken.

  Just a little, please. Can I have some more soup?

  It’s so delicious. Thank you.

  No. Thank you. I’ve had enough.

  I’m full, thank you.

  10.谈论天气

  (1)询问天气情况:

  What’s the weather like todatay ?

  How is the weather in Beijing ?

  (2)陈述天气情况:

  What a cold/hot day today!

  It’s a nice day today.

  It’s sunny/cloudy/windy/rainy .

  It’s getting cold/warm/hot.

  11.看病 (1)医生诊断常用语

  What’s the matter?

  What’s wrong with you ?

  Do you have a fever?

  How long have you been feeling like this?

  It’s nothing serious. You’ll be all right soon.

  Take this madecine three times a day.

  (1)病人叙述病情常用语

  I feel terrible/bad. I don’t feel well.

  I’ve got a cold/headache

  There is something wrong with my eyes.

  12.购物 (1)售货员常用语

  Can I help you?

  What can I do for you?

  What calour /size/kind do you like?

  (2)顾客常用语

  I want a pair of shoes

  How much is it?

  May I try it on

  That’s fine. I’ll take it.

  13.问路

  (1)问路用语

  Excuse me , where is the nearest post office?

  Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the shop?

  Excuse me,how can I get to the nearest shop?

  (2)应答

  Go down the street until you see the tall building.

  Ture right/left at the first crossing/corner.

  You can take No.5 bus

  You’d better take a taxi

  14.介绍

  (1)自我介绍:

  1)A:My name is Lin Yan. Glad to meet you.

  B: Nice to meet you. My name is Li Lei.

  2) A:Excuse me.What’s your name,please?

  B:My name is Robert Thomas Brown.

  A:May I call you Robert?

  B:Certainly/Of course.

  (2) 介绍他人

  A:This is Mr.Huang.

  B: Nice to meet you.

  A: Glad to meet you.

  15.打电话

  (2)打电话常用语

  Hello! May I speak to...?

  Is that ...speaking?

  Can I leave a message?

  I’ll call back later/again.

  (2)接电话的常用语

  Hello! This is Tom speaking.

  Hello! Who is that? Hold on please!

  Can I take a message for you?

  Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.

  16.道歉

  (1)当要麻烦别人时:

  Excuse me,please! I beg your pardon.

  (2)当做错事时:

  Sorry, I’m sorry for... I’m sorry that...

  (3)回答道歉时的答语:

  Never mind

  That’s ok./ That’s all right

  It’s nothing

  It doesn’t matter.

  17.劝告

  You’d better go to see the doctor.

  You should listen to and read English every day.

  You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary.

  18.表扬

  Very good! Well done! Wonderful!

  You speak English very well. Your dress is beautiful.

  Come on ! You can do it!

  19.忧虑

  What’s wrong? What’s the matter?

  What should we do?

  20.表示遗憾

  I’m so sorry. It’s a great pity.

  What a pity! That’s too bad.


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