1. It isn't quite _____ that he will be present at the meeting.
A. sure B. right
C. exact D. certain
[答案] D. certain.
[注释]I am sure that +从句。He is sure to come. = He is certain to come.但在it作形式主语, that引导主语从句时, 主句中表语只能用certain, 不能用sure.
2. Many new _____ will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.
[答案] A. opportunities.
[注释]opportunity常指“ (难得的应抓住的) 机会”, 既可作可数名词, 也可以作不可数名词用, 如：I had few opportunities of meeting interesting people there. They had not much opportunity for hearing good music in the remote area.
3. The members of the club wouldn't run a _____ in entrusting(委托) the organization to an unreliable person.
A. danger B. risk
C. hazard D. chance
[答案] B. risk.
[注释]run a risk (in) 冒险：You are running a big risk in trusting him.
4. The meeting was _____ when the chairman fell ill.
A. put down B. shut out
C. cut short D. taken off
[答案] C. cut short.
5. John says that his present job does not provide him with enough _____ for his organizing ability.
A. scope B. space
C. capacity D. range
[答案] A. scope.
[注释]本题中scope (=opportunity; outlet) 施展机会, 发展余地, 是不可数名词, 如：Give someone scope to show his ability. Range意指“变动范围; 视听范围; 理解范围”, 如：the range of prices (价格变动范围).
6. I just managed to _____ a quick breath before I was sucked under the water by the passing boat.
A. snatch B. scratch
C. scrape D. scan
[答案] A. snatch.
[注释] snatch的原义是“攫取; 抓住; 夺得”。本题中snatch意指“匆忙间设法得到”, 如：He snatched an hour of sleep. (他匆匆睡了一小时觉。) snatch a quick breath (匆忙猛吸了一口气)。
7. My brother likes eating very much but he isn't very _____ about the food he eats.
A. special B. peculiar
C. particular D. unusual
[答案] C. particular.
[注释]be particular about对......讲究, 挑剔; She is very particular about what she wears. (她对她得穿着很讲究。) Mr. Smith was quite particular about my work. (史密斯先生对工作十分挑剔。)
8. I don't think the charge for overhauling (大修)the equipment is excessive in _____ to its size.
[答案] C. proportion.
[注释]in proportion to是固定搭配, 意为“与......成比例, 与.......相称”。反义语：out of proportion不成比例,不相称。本题称。
9. Voices were _____ as the argument between the two motorists became more bad-tempered.
A. swollen B. raised
C. developed D. increased
[答案] B. raised.
10. Having lived in the town for quite a few years, Mr. Johnson no longer felt _____ among the local people.
A. out of order B. out of place
C. out of control D. out of the question
[答案] B. out of place.
11. He stopped his ears with his hands to _____ the terrible noise.
A. show off B. cut out
C. keep from D. shut out
[答案] D. shut out.
show off炫耀; cut out删掉; keep from; 1) 隐瞒; She kept the truth from me. (她向我隐瞒真相。) 2) 不沾, 避开; He keeps from alcohol. (他滴酒不沾。) 3) 使不做某事：She kept herself from laughing. (她没有笑出来。)
12. My house is the only brick one on the street. It _____ and you can't miss it.
A. stands up B. looks out
C. sticks out D. wipes out
[答案] C. stick out.
13. After the show, the crowd _____ out of the theater.
A. poured B. melted
C. drew D. dismissed
[答案] A. poured.
[注释]pour 此处意为：涌出, 涌来, 如：People poured out to the rally. (人们踊跃参加群众大会。)
14. Although it is not our normal _____ to give credit, this time I think we should consider the matter more closely.
A. state B. intention
C. occasion D. practice
[答案] D. practice.
[注释]practice (=way of doing sth. That is common or habitual; sth. done regularly) 做法, 惯例 ：It is my practice always to rise early. To give credit 让赊欠：No credit is given at this shop. (这家商店概不赊欠。)
15. It gave me a strange feeling of excitement to see my name in _____.
A. news B. print
C. publication D. press
[答案] B. print.
[注释]in print是习语, 意指“印出来, 发表出来”, 如：She finally saw her novel in print. (她终于看到他的小说出版了。) in print 的另一个意思是“在印行, 还在发行”, 如：This book is still in print. (这本书还在发行, 可以买到) 反义词是out of print , 意指“不在印行, 买不到了。”如：The book you speak of is out of print. (你说到的那本书已不在发行了。)
16. The engineers have rejected the employers' proposals to end the strike and the other workers have come out in _____.
A. opposition B. return
C. sympathy D. readiness
[答案] C. sympathy.
[注释] in sympathy 以示同情, come out 此处意为 (=declare oneself) 表明态度, 所以come out in sympathy 意为“表示同情”。In return 作为报答, 如：I wanted nothing in return . (我不要什么报答。) collaboration协作, 如：work in collaboration with sb. (与某人协力合作) 。Opposition 反对, 如：rise in opposition to (起来反对) 。readiness 准备 (状态); 待机, 如：having everything in readiness for departure (做好一切准备, 以便出发)。
17. Her work is often very hard and she gets very tired. The work is _____.
A. wonderful B. splendid
C. tedious D. magnificent
[答案] C. tedious .
[注释] tedious (=tiresome ;wearying; uninteresting) "沉闷的, 厌烦的, 乏味的”。
Splendid 壮丽的, 辉煌的, 极好的。magnificent 壮丽的, 宏伟的：It was a magnificent ceremony. (这是一次盛大隆重的仪式)。
18. With prices _____ so much, it's hard for the company to plan a budget.
A. fluctuating B. waving
C. swinging D. vibrating
[答案] A. fluctuating
[注释]本句前一部分是"with+名词+现在分词短语"的独立结构, 做状语。Fluctuate (=move up and down) (指物价, 标准等的) 波动。如：Prices fluctuate from year to year. (物价年年波动) wave飘扬, 挥舞; 招手; (庄稼的) 波动。Swing摆动, 摇摆; vibrate振动。可见, 根据题意, 只能选A. fluctuating.
19. Some teenagers have a generalized resentment against society, which _____ them the rights and privileges of adults, although physically they are mature.
A. deprives B. restricts
C. rejects D. denies
[答案] D. denies.
[注释]deny (=refuse to give or allow) 拒绝给予:He denied his children nothing . (孩子们要什么他就给什么。) deprive (=take away from) .剥夺。deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某物：They deprived women of the right to vote. (他们剥夺了妇女的投票权。) restrict (=keep within limits) The doctor restricted him to 5 cigarettes a day. (医生限制他一天抽5支烟。) reject (refuse to accept ) 拒绝接受, 如：She rejected my suggestion.
本题译文：一些十几岁的孩子们往往对社会有普遍的逆反心理, 虽然他们发育成熟, 但社会拒绝给予他们同成年人一样的权利和优惠。
20. Though _____ in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred to record the plain facts of small-town life.
A. raised B. grown
C. developed D. cultivated
[答案] A. raised
[注释]本句中Though raised in San Franciscos是省略的让步状语从句。Raise (=bring up) 抚养：grow种植; cultivate耕作; 培养 (友谊等) 。如cultivate后接某人, 则意为“培养与某人的感情”。如：John always tries to cultivate the people, who are useful to him professionally. (约翰一向喜欢与事业上对他有用的人来往。)
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